Loader

Jamal Ahmad Khashoggi (13-Oct-1958 to 2-Oct-2018) was a Saudi Arabian journalist, dissident, author, columnist for The Washington Post, and a general manager and editor-in-chief of Al-Arab News Channel who was assassinated at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on 2 October 2018 by agents of the...

Herbert Marshall McLuhan (21-Jul-1911 to 31-Dec-1980) was a Canadian philosopher, whose work is among the cornerstones of the study of media theory. Born in Edmonton, Alberta, and raised in Winnipeg, Manitoba, McLuhan studied at the University of Manitoba and the University of Cambridge. Marshall McLuhan Wikipedia ...

CARPE DIEM (Bandwagon, Deadline, Fear) BANDWAGON This common propaganda method is when the speaker tries to convince you to accept their point of view or else we will miss out on something really good. The Band-Wagon technique is often used in the advertisement but more and more...

SCAPEGOATING (Ad Hominem, Tu Quoque, Cartoonization) SCAPEGOATING This often use with Guilt-by-association to deflect scrutiny away from the issues. It transfers blame to one person or group of people without investigating the complexities of the issue. Examples: "George W. Bush got us into Iraq", "President Reagan caused...

ATOMIZATIONS (Divide and Rule, Factions, Polarisation, Conspiracy Theory) DIVIDE AND RULE Divided and Ruled. FACTIONS Factions. POLARISATIONS Polarisation theory. CONSPIRACY THEORY Conspiracy theory....

WEDGE ISSUES (False Dichotomy, Wedge Issues, Coarse Discourse) WEDGE ISSUES This is when someone tries to claim there are only two sides to an issue and that both sides must have equal presentation in order to be evaluated. This technique is used to dupe us into believing...

MISDIRECTIONS (Cause and Effect Mismatch, False Inference, Faulty Analogy, Misquote) WHATABOUTISM "They say banning smoking indoors saves thousands of lives but what about the hundred thousand dead by bombing in Fallujah?" CAUSE AND EFFECT MISMATCH This technique confuses the audience about what is really cause and effect. In fact,...

TESTIMONIALS (Folks Like You, Luminaries, Great Figures) PLAIN FOLKS (WORKING CLASS - JUST LIKE YOU) This is a way that a speaker convinces an audience that an idea is good because they are the same ideas of the vast majority of people like yourself. Examples: "This is...

MYTHOLOGIES (Transfer, Sacred Cow, Demons, History) One of the most effective and enduring methods of propaganda is the use of mythologies. Mythologies are the collective stories, symbols, historical orthodoxy, collective memory and in-group associations. By increasingly large diffused circles, mythologies are inherited from family, peer group, locality,...

HYPERNORMALISATION (Confusion, Reductio Ad Absurdum, Existential Truth, Nihilism) REDUCTIO AD ABSURDUM An effective strategy for evading the need to act - or even commit to a solid determination - which might expose error or mistruth or failure by real world test. The REDUCTIO AD ABSURDUM takes a...

ASSOCIATIONS (Hot Potato, Virtue Words, Stereotyping) ASSOCIATIONS STEREOTYPING: Giving a person or an idea a bad label by using an easy to remember pejorative name. This is used to make us reject and condemn a person or idea without examining what the label really means. Examples:...

STRAW MEN (Straw Man, Hollow Man, 'Steel Man', Imposting)   THE STRAW MAN FALLACY The straw man follows variations of the following pattern: Person 1 asserts proposition X. Person 2 argues against a superficially similar proposition Y, falsely, as if an argument against Y were an argument against...

ANECDOTALISM (Anecdotal Evidence, Nuance Appropriation)   ANECDOTAL EVIDENCE Anecdotal evidence: take a single incident involving individual human beings - anecdotal evidence - and use it to make sweeping generations about millions e.g. one white shooter in Kenosha WI means political tribes are fighting civil war on the streets. NUANCE FLATTENING Flattening...

SCALE FRAMING Scale framing is one of the most common techniques for propaganda and clickbait, especially in headline media. IMPACT OVERLOAD "Britain At Breaking Point - 4000 illegal migrants cross the Channel into the UK every year!" Sounds like a lot, right? Imagine all of those people cramming...

0