W E B du Bois

William E B du Bois (23-Feb-1868 to 27-Aug-1963) was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor.
Du Bois, a scholar at the historically Black Atlanta University, established himself as a leading thinker on race and the plight of Black Americans. He challenged the position held by Booker T. Washington, another contemporary prominent intellectual, that Southern Blacks should compromise their basic rights in exchange for education and legal justice. He also spoke out against the notion popularized by abolitionist Frederick Douglass that Black Americans should integrate with white society.