"Propaganda and orthodox messaging enforcer, sometimes publicly disavowed, usually concealed by institutions and controlled by profit imperatives."

Table of Contents

Manufacturing Consent

All |
29 bullshit spigot entries

1 / 29   Anti-Narrative: Trusted News Initiative

2 / 29   Atlantic Council: Jeremy Corbyn Takedown

3 / 29   Atomizations and Persecutions

4 / 29   Business Bullshit: Magic Leap

5 / 29   Capitol "Insurrection" 6-Jan-2021

6 / 29   Capture: Big Energy

7 / 29   Capture: Big Science Big Pharma

8 / 29   Capture: Corporate Media

9 / 29   Capture: Prison Industrial Complex

10 / 29   Capture: Social Media Platforms

11 / 29   Capture: Stockmarkets

Articles from by Gary Gordon, retired stock-broker and prolific serial investment bullshit artist:

bullshit spigot

12 / 29   Capture: Transport and Trade

bullshit spigot

13 / 29   Capture: Universities and Schools

  • The Nonprofit College That Spends More on Marketing Than Financial Aid (12-Jan-2022)
  • "Baker College promises students a better life. But few ever graduate, and even those who do often leave with crushing debt and useless degrees. No one — not the board, nor the accreditors, nor the federal government — has intervened."


  • bullshit spigot

    14 / 29   Censorship: Hunter Biden Laptop

    15 / 29   Civil Strife: European Union

    16 / 29   Corporate Greed in Medical Interventions: Sackler Oxycontin

    Where were the FDA, YouTube, Facebook and all of our overlords as the the opiate crisis has swept the country? Silent. But a simple drug that the Sacklers and other greedy pharmaceutical companies can't make a fortune on?! Attacked, vilified and censored.
    bullshit spigot

    17 / 29   Cybertech: Surveillance Capitalism Van Eck Phreaking description and smart downplaying by Liberty Center One, a top-tier-flibble data-flurble.

    bullshit spigot

    18 / 29   Hypocrisy: Joe Biden

    Joe Biden (to Rich Donors 18-Jun-2019)

  • Joe Biden assured rich donors at a fundraiser (Carlyle Hotel, NYC) if elected, he would not "demonise" the rich and promised that "no one's standard of living will change, nothing would fundamentally change."
  • Biden said that poverty was "the one thing that can bring this country down" but to this donors: "I mean, we may not want to demonize anybody who has made money... The truth of the matter is, you all, you all know, you all know in your gut what has to be done. We can disagree in the margins but the truth of the matter is it's all within our wheelhouse and nobody has to be punished. No one's standard of living will change, nothing would fundamentally change."
  • Biden went on to say that the rich should not be blamed for income inequality, pleading to the donors: "I need you very badly... I hope if I win this nomination, I won't let you down. I promise you."
  • Biden also complained that some Democrats criticised his eagerness to work with Republicans after they spent years blocking President Obama's agenda and moving further right. Biden pointed out that his ability to work with segregationists like former Mississippi Sen. James O. Eastland and Georgia Sen. Herman Talmadge showed that he could "bring people together." (The Washington Post).
  • Joe Biden: "I was in a caucus with James O. Eastland. He never called me 'boy,' he always called me 'son.'" He also called Talmadge "one of the meanest guys I ever knew." "Well, guess what? At least there was some civility. We got things done. We didn't agree on much of anything. We got things done. We got it finished. But today, you look at the other side and you're the enemy. Not the opposition -- the enemy. We don't talk to each other anymore. I know the new 'New Left' tells me that I'm -- this is old-fashioned... Well guess what? If we can't reach a consensus in our system, what happens? It encourages and demands the abuse of power by a president. That's what it does. You have to be able to reach consensus under our system -- our constitutional system of separation of powers."
  • bullshit spigot

    19 / 29   Manufacturing Consent: Free Speech

  • YouTube BBC: Admiral Lord West Casts Doubt on Syria Attack Intelligence (16-Apr-2018)
  • YouTube CNN: Jill Stein explains why she won't fully comply with Russia investigation (1-May-2018)
  • The Spectator: Hiding Biden from tough questions hurts him more than it helps him (16-Sept-2020)
  • "Free speech is important not because it's nice to be able to say what you want, but because the free flow of ideas and information creates a check on the powerful. It gives people the ability to hold the powerful to account. Which is exactly why the powerful work to eliminate it." - Caitlin Johnstone
  • bullshit spigot

    20 / 29   Neoliberalism: Money over Human Beings

    21 / 29   Performance Politics: Democratic Party

    22 / 29   Performance Politics: UK Conservative Govt

  • Dr Steve James: I’d sacrifice my job over vaccine mandates (10-Jan-2022)
  • "Steve James is a critical care consultant at King’s College Hospital in London. When Health Secretary Sajid Javid visited last Friday, he asked the NHS staff about what they thought of the forthcoming mandates that will make Covid vaccination a condition of deployment for NHS staff."
  • Aristocrats double their wealth in a decade as titles average £16m (1-Jan-2022)
  • "Britain’s aristocrats have enjoyed a dramatic surge in their wealth in the last 30 years – and have seen their riches double."

    bullshit spigot

    23 / 29   Propaganda Hypocrisy

    24 / 29   Propaganda: Manufacturing Consent and Ignorance

    25 / 29   Propaganda: News Media Methods

    26 / 29   Russiagate

    27 / 29   Russophobia

    28 / 29   Two Party Lock-in

    Freedom To Vote Act: "To expand Americans’ access to the ballot box and reduce the influence of big money in politics, and for other purposes"

    The "Freedom to Vote Act" is presented as a voting rights initiative to rollback evil state-level Republican voter discrimination laws, but in reality it's the other side of the two-pronged assault on third parties and diversity of candidate choice. The unspoken objective is to further duopoly lockdown using GOP gerrymandering and voter restrictions to escalate dozens of restrictions/stipulations on ballot access (candidate funding). The Act centralises campaign financing (including public funds) with big party committees, inevitably excluding challenges from within (e.g. Bernie Sanders).

    Under H.R. 1, wealthy donors can effectively circumvent the candidate contribution limit by giving to the party committees directly and have them funnel up to $300 million forwarded candidates, effectively raising the amount big donors can contribute to a candidate to more than $115,000 in a year. H.R. 1 program would replace the 1:1 match in public funding with a 6:1 match, but simultaneously increase the minimum amount of donations (to get matched) by 500% to a minimum of $25,000 in each of 20 states. It would also increase the minimum number of contributions to reach it by 625%.

  • Third Parties May Disappear From Ballot Under Freedom to Vote Act Provision (2-Oct-2021)
  • "Removing the general election public funding grant, H.R. 1 also eliminates the other existing opportunity for minor parties to benefit under the current public financing law, where any party that receives between 5% and 25% would get a pro-rated portion of the public funding in the next election that the major party candidates do. Greens and Libertarians have long argued that a vote for their candidates helps them to get to 5%. Raising the primary election matching funds threshold helps ensure only a limited number of anointed candidates qualify for it, to eliminate those pesky others who stay in primary race too long."

  • Matching Funds: Establishing eligibility to receive presidential primary matching fund payments
  • Receiving a public funding grant for the general election
  • Public Financing of Campaigns
  • HR 1 Exacts Partisan Political Advantage in Exchange for Desperately Needed Voting Rights (21-Mar-2021)
  • Sixth District (Georgia): Church v Brian Kemp (29-Mar-2021)
  • HR1/S1 Hypocrisy: Under The Guise of ‘For the People’, Democrats Support Voters Rights, But Suppress Voter Choice (11-May-2021)
  • Ballot status and presidential primary matching funds (28-Jul-2021)
  • More on H.R.1/S.1: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (12-Mar-2021)
  • Duopoly angle: Annotated Guide to the For The People Act 2021 (20-Jan-2021)
  • "The Act removes voters’ ability to fund 100% clean money and grassroots campaigns via matching funds, while increasing the role of big money in elections, and limiting voter choice to vote for other than major party candidates — the latter which itself is a de facto form of voter suppression, by removing a positive incentive for many voters to vote. Masters of lesser-of-evilism, Democrats have set up the Devil’s bargain in H.R. 1 — accept a further entrenched duopoly in exchange for your right to vote.

    bullshit spigot

    29 / 29   US Presidential Elections 2016-2020 | Russiagate

    All |
    12 censorships

    1 / 12   Controlling Access to Knowledge

    2 / 12   Data Rights: Ownership Privacy Protections

    3 / 12   Facebook Censorship: Rule Changes and Data Grift

    4 / 12   Fake News: Censorship and Russiagate

  • Bucha UKRAINE "You have the commander of the national police ordering his people to shoot people in Bucha on the day in question. You have the evidence. The dead bodies on the street with white armbands carrying Russian food packets."
  • Propornot: "your friendly neighborhood propaganda identification service since 2016" | @propornot Twitter
  • New Yorker: NYT: The Propaganda About Russian Propaganda (1-Dec-2016)
  • Vox: Apple’s Infowars ban altered an industry overnight — and dealt a blow against fake news (6-Aug-2018)
  • Mother Jones: How Facebook Screwed Us All (Feb-2019)
  • censorships

    5 / 12   Go Fund Me Censorship and Deplatforming

    6 / 12   NewsBud Alt-Media Site

  • NewsBud: "Where Integrity Matters"
    • NewsBud billed itself as an independent news, analyses and multimedia portal. It exposed establishment hypocrisy and neoliberal criminality among other challenges to vested interest orthodoxy
    • Sibel Edmonds is founder, editor and publisher of Newsbud, founder and president of the National Security Whistleblowers Coalition (NSWBC)
    • NewsBud was closed down 30-Jul-2021

    7 / 12   Oxford University Censorship

    8 / 12   Progressive Internecine: Truthdig

    9 / 12   Revolver.News and Newsguard Bolx

    10 / 12   Social Media: Changing World

    11 / 12   Substack: Useful Idiots - YouTube Censorship of Heterodox Content

    12 / 12   Tech v Independent Journalism

    All |
    2 propaganda examples

    1 / 2   It's All Fake: Kamala Harris Used Child Actors Who Had To Audition For Weird NASA Promo

    propaganda examples

    2 / 2   Propaganda Language: Military Budget = 'Defense Budget'?

    Example of propaganda language used to condition associations:
  • Robert Scheer: Stop Calling the Military Budget a ‘Defense’ Budget (8-Oct-2021)
  • propaganda examples


    • The Factual
      • Every day over 10,000 articles are published on hundreds of news topics. How do you decide what to read? Are you seeing the best story on any topic? The Factual automatically analyzes how credible a story is based on diversity of sources, factual tone of writing, author’s expertise, and more.
      • At its core, The Factual is an algorithm that rates the credibility of 10,000+ news articles daily. With this data, The Factual offers three products to get the most credible news: newsletter parsing daily news cross-checked by algorithm for credibility, browser extension to check credibility of your news feed articles, and a website with headlines taken from the 10,000+ articles published every day. Ads are stripped by default.
      • Check out The Factual


    • Oxford University Internet Institute
      • The Oxford Internet Institute was founded as a full department of the University of Oxford in 2001. The idea for an Oxford research centre focusing on the societal opportunities and challenges posed by rapidly-developing Internet technologies was first posed by Dr Andrew Graham, then Master-Elect of Balliol College, and Derek Wyatt, then MP for Sittingbourne and Sheppey, supported by then Oxford University Vice Chancellor, Colin Lucas.
      • Financial support for the department’s establishment was provided by Dame Stephanie Shirley, founder of the computer software company Xansa, with some match funding provided by the Higher Education Funding Council for England. Since 2006, the department has offered graduate degrees, marking its transition to a research-led, teaching department.
      • Check out the OII


    • LiveLeak
      • Aggregator and video content eye-witness / on-the-ground reporter (including livestreamer) news and live firsthand footage.
      • LiveLeak state: “As an organisation has no political or ideological bias or affiliation. Careful checks and balances are in place to ensure our organisation operates in as unbiased a manner as is possible. Believe us when we say that your opinion is not something that will ever see you ‘censored’ on LiveLeak unless you break our rules to put that opinion across.”
      • Check out LiveLeak feed


    • Signs of the Times
      • Owned by Quantum Future Group)
      • Signs of the Times (or is a unique player in the Alt Media space, where they utilize their global presence of editors to curate news articles from around the world and post them on the website. The articles they curate are formatted from various sources into a single, beautiful, readable format. Articles come with editor commentary within the article clearly differentiated with a blue background, as well as standard comments section at the bottom. The website is well organized and formatted, which is a big plus.
      • This community has a particular focus on Psychopathy, Esoteric Studies, and Science, which differentiates them from other Alt Media groups. The community has a separate forum more connected with one of their associated sites called where people can go deep and dig into much more of the esoteric material. Signs of the Times has been around for a very long time, circa 2002, and has evolved their branding and business over time. Their slogan is “The world for people who think” and their motto is “Knowledge Protects, Ignorance Endangers.”
      • Anyone seeking to be challenged in their thinking and consciousness should make a visit and communicate with the folks over at Fair warning, not a site for those easily offended. Egos are not treated well there.
      • Check out Signs of the Times

    "For the United States, oligarchy is the elephant — and donkey — in the room. Only one candidate for president is willing to name it."




    • FactWire.ORG
      • Chinese language site devoted to exposing grift. In 2015, under the call of senior reporter Mr. Wu Xiaodong, 3,300 Hong Kongers raised an unprecedented amount of HK$4.7 million to establish a fax agency, the only news agency in Hong Kong that is independent of a consortium and specializes in investigative reporting.
      • The trust of the public is the foundation of the fax agency. We adhere to the principle of independent, fair and honest interviews and reports. Everything we do is based on the public interest. FactWire’s stated mission is to encourage journalistic freedom, to monitor society, to be honest and open and to be a public service serving the public’s right to know.
      • Check out FactWire.ORG

    portfolio / #manufacturedconsent


    All |
    28 media brands

    1 / 28   AllSides

    "Don't be fooled by media bias and misinformation."
  • Centrist anti-partisan veneer but in reality, a bullshit spigot archetype shilling for neoliberal plutocracy status quo; price of everything, value of nothing.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: B-
  • media brands

    2 / 28   American Thinker

    "GOP/Conservative bullshit spigot archetype - stories doing the rounds respun to be anti-dem anti-socdem pro-GOP pro-Trumpmyth pro-Conservative grift message."
    media brands

    3 / 28   C4 ISR Net

    "Media for the Intelligence Age Military. Premier content destination for defense and government communities to stay connected to technology and network innovations to ensure information dominance."
    media brands

    4 / 28   Crooked Media

    "No-bullshit conversation about politics in culture. We provide a platform for you to laugh, cry, scream, ridicule us, share your ideas, and hopefully decide you want to help us in fixing the mess America has gotten itself into. Podcasts include: Pod Save America, Pod Save The World, Lovett or Leave It, Pod Save the People, Hysteria, What A Day, Keep It, and Unholier Than Thou."
  • YouTube: @CrookedMedia
  • media brands

    5 / 28   Declassified UK

    "Declassified UK is the leading media organisation uncovering the UK’s role in the world, publishing hard hitting, truthful news stories."
    media brands

    6 / 28   Democracy Now!

    "Democracy Now! produces a daily, global, independent news hour hosted by award-winning journalists Amy Goodman and Juan González."
  • Orthodox soft-left liberal reportage from a formerly independent vanity news outlet captured by neoliberal corporate paymasters.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: B+
  • media brands

    7 / 28   Fair Observer

    "Fair Observer is an independent, nonprofit media organization that engages in citizen journalism and civic education."
  • Neoliberal liberal-left bullshit archetype: ostensibly independent democratic socialist but mainstream news tracking, proliferating plutocratic orthodox spin with high-handed professionalism.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: A-
  • media brands

    8 / 28   Ground News

    "Looking to break free from your echo chamber? We’ve already helped over 250,000 escape theirs and see the news from a different perspective. Ground News was created to be a news destination for everyone, regardless of political ideology."
    media brands

    9 / 28   Labor Notes

    "Media and organizing project that has been the voice of union activists who want to put the movement back in the labor movement."
    media brands

    10 / 28   MeidasTouch
    media brands

    11 / 28   Mother Jones

    "Founded in 1976, Mother Jones is America’s longest-established investigative news organization. We are based in San Francisco and have bureaus in Washington, DC, and New York."
  • Establishment liberal-left news ecosystem centrepiece, peddling corporate agenda over human need, standard bullshit spigot techniques following the mainstream official news zeitgeist.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: C
  • media brands

    12 / 28   News2Share (N2S)

    "Online media outlet based in Washington D.C. In addition to providing objective and engaging content to our viewers, we strive to provide useful footage that can be integrated onto other news networks and documentary film.
  • Founded by: Ford Fischer and Trey Yingst, broadcast entrepreneurs with extensive video production experience on behalf of media groups such as as Fox, ABC, CNN, and NBC
  • media brands

    13 / 28   Novara Media

  • @ Canary Stockport Socialist Left "Novara Media is an independent media organisation addressing the issues that are set to define the 21st century, from a crisis of capitalism to racism and climate change. Our journalism is always politically committed; rather than seeking to moderate between two sides of a debate, our output actively intends to feed back into political action."
  • media brands

    14 / 28   openDemocracy

    "openDemocracy is an independent global media organisation. Through reporting and analysis of social and political issues, we seek to educate citizens to challenge power and encourage democratic debate across the world."
  • Genuine left-wing environmentalist news media with strong socialist/social democratic activist reportage, exposing plutocracy crime and neoliberal hypocrisy at ground-level.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: F
  • media brands

    15 / 28   Pro Publica

    "We dig deep into important issues, shining a light on abuses of power and betrayals of public trust — and we stick with those issues as long as it takes to hold power to account."
  • Corporate-centrist bullshit spigot archetype: good articles on political hypocrisy, grift, systemic exploitation unless the content risks too much criticism of Democratic Party establishment or amplifies grassroots movements pushing for real change e.g. strikes, protests.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: D+
  • media brands

    16 / 28   Real Clear Markets

    "RealClearMarkets (RCM) is a one-stop shop for market-related news, analysis and commentary. RealClearMarkets collects and publishes business, finance, and economic content from across the ideological spectrum."
    media brands

    17 / 28   Real News Network

    "The Real News Network (TRNN) makes media connecting you to the movements, people, and perspectives that are advancing the cause of a more just, equal, and liveable planet."
  • Progressive liberal-left news, humane generally socialist grassroots reportage not capture by the corporate bullshit spigot as of October 2021.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: E-
  • media brands

    18 / 28   Reveal News

    "At Reveal, we pour the necessary time and resources into unearthing original stories that hold people and institutions accountable for the problems they’ve caused or benefited from."
  • Funded by the neoliberal bullshit spigot cabal from Gates Foundation to Kellogs, standard soft liberal-left orthodox establishment mouthpiece mobilising a grassroots credentialism that perpetuates power by exposing only opponents and transgressors.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: C+
  • media brands

    19 / 28   StoryCorps

    "StoryCorps’ mission is to preserve and share humanity’s stories in order to build connections between people and create a more just and compassionate world."
  • Public-corporate funded expertise in managing the narrative, wokewashing, greenwashing, orthodox purity testing, turning genuine real-world stories into HR opportunities.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: C+
  • media brands

    20 / 28   The Daily Beast

    "Independent. Irreverent. Intelligent. The Daily Beast delivers award-winning original reporting and sharp opinion in the arena of politics, pop-culture and power."
  • Millennial pop-aesthetic left-liberal orthodox reportage following the news zeitgeist interlarded with mass culture clout chasing (and directing) by ambitious young-ish journalists and bloggers.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: B
  • media brands

    21 / 28   The Daily Kos

    "News you can do something about."
  • Aesthetically a very left-liberal, very woke, raw Millennial activist Daily Beast pale fire outlet, substantially another credentialist we-smart-they-dumb bullshit spigot gossip parser.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: B+
  • media brands

    22 / 28   The Forge

    "To elevate the strategy and practice of organizing through the sharing of ideas, methods, history, and inspiration, and by building connection and community among organizers and between sectors of the progressive movement."
    media brands

    23 / 28   The Intercept

    "Award-winning news organization dedicated to holding the powerful accountable through fearless, adversarial journalism."
  • Corporate-run liberal-left reportage with a divided mandate: half quality journalists exposing corruption and speaking truth to power, half neoliberal overseers editing output to ensure it stays inside Clinton-corporate best interests.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: C-
  • media brands

    24 / 28   Tribune

    "Relaunched with the support of Jacobin in 2018 committed to reviving this great tradition on the British left. Our mission remains, as Michael Foot wrote: to sustain the old cause with the old weapons."
    media brands

    25 / 28   Truth Be Told

    " (formerly called HU Insight) is a non-profit, non-partisan website and digital network, run and edited from Howard University’s Department of Media, Journalism and Film in the School of Communications."
  • College feeder training bullshit spigot high-quality diversity journalism for establishment careers speaking truth to power (so long as it goes nowhere) and exposing different perspectives (so long as they misdirect away from systemic change).
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: D+
  • media brands

    26 / 28   Truthout

    "Revealing systemic injustice and providing a platform for progressive and transformative ideas, through in-depth investigative reporting and critical analysis. With a powerful, independent voice, we will spur transformations in consciousness and inspire both policy change and direct action."
  • Aggregator news amplifier for soft liberal-left and centrist establishment parsing and propagating articles from simpatico sources like Democracy Now plus a small but prolific inhouse staff.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: B-
  • media brands

    27 / 28   WhoWhatWhy

    "Citizen supported journalism."
  • Soft left-liberal mostly anodyne reportage from the stories occupying mainstream media ephemera.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: C-
  • media brands

    28 / 28   Wonkette

    "Wonkette, the gossip blog that refuses to die. Wonkette is Bush-era liberalism frozen in amber, motionless and immortal, forced to passively observe a changing world until the end of time."
  • Take satire, remove discernment, add the editorial sarcasm of a professional left-liberal gossip with partisan mockery designed to evade the risk of genuinely speaking truth to power while looking like irreverently doing so.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: D+
  • media brands
    All |
    10 economists

    1 / 10   Adam Smith

    Adam Smith FRSA (5-Jun-1723 to 17-Jul-1790) was a British economist, philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment.[5] Also known as ''The Father of Economics'' or ''The Father of Capitalism,'' Smith wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter, often abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. In his work, Adam Smith introduced his theory of absolute advantage.


    2 / 10   Frederick August Hayek

    Friedrich August von Hayek (8-May-1899 to 23-Mar-1992) was a British-Austrian economist and philosopher who is best known for his defence of classical liberalism. Hayek shared the 1974 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal for their work on money and economic fluctuations, and the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena. His account of how changing prices communicate information that helps individuals coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics, leading to his prize.


    3 / 10   Gustavus Myers

    Gustavus Myers (20-Mar-1872 to 7-Dec-1942) was an American journalist and historian who published a series of highly critical and influential studies on the social costs of wealth accumulation. His name has been associated with the muckraking era of US literature, somewhat erroneously, since his work was not journalistic, did not aim at popular magazine publication, and took a scholarly, investigative and documentary approach to its subjects.


    4 / 10   John Maynard Keynes

    John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, (5-Jun-1883 to 21-Apr-1946) was an English economist, whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments. Originally trained in mathematics, he built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles. One of the most influential economists of the 20th century, his ideas are the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics, and its various offshoots.

  • The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money


    5 / 10   Larry Summers

    Larry Summers (30-Nov-1954) is an American economist, Secretary of the Treasury 1999-2001 and Director of the National Economic Council 2009-2010. Former Harvard President (2001-2006) and director of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. Leading American plutocrat, architect of financial deregulation since the early 1990s, deep state connected. Sociopath.
  • Some seek a scholar's return - His Harvard peers hope to woo West (6-Jun-2006)
  • Larry Summers columnist index (2002-2020)
  • economists

    6 / 10   Ludwig von Mises

    Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (29-Sept-1881 to 10-Oct-1973) was an Austrian School economist, historian, logician, and sociologist. Mises wrote and lectured extensively on the societal contributions of classical liberalism. He is best known for his work on praxeology, a study of human choice and action. Mises emigrated from Austria to the United States in 1940. Since the mid-20th century, libertarian movements have been strongly influenced by Mises's writings. Mises' student Friedrich Hayek viewed Mises as one of the major figures in the revival of classical liberalism in the post-war era. Hayek's work "The Transmission of the Ideals of Freedom" (1951) pays high tribute to the influence of Mises in the 20th century libertarian movement.


    7 / 10   Murray Rothbard

    Murray Newton Rothbard (2-Mar-1926 to 7-Jan-1995) was an American heterodox economist of the Austrian School, economic historian and political theorist. Rothbard was a founder and leading theoretician of anarcho-capitalism, a staunch advocate of historical revisionism and a central figure in the 20th-century American libertarian movement. He wrote over twenty books on political theory, history, economics, and other subjects.


    8 / 10   Peter Kropotkin

    Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (9-Dec-1842 to 8-Feb-1921) was a Russian anarchist, socialist, revolutionary, economist, sociologist, historian, zoologist, political scientist, human geographer and philosopher who advocated anarcho-communism. He was also an activist, essayist, researcher and writer.

    Peter Kropotkin Wikipedia


    9 / 10   Richard Wolff

    Richard Wolff (born 1-Apr-1942) is an American Marxian economist, known for his work on economic methodology and class analysis. He is Professor Emeritus of Economics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and currently a Visiting Professor in the Graduate Program in International Affairs of the New School in New York. See Richard D Wolff Wikipedia Entry.

  • Understanding The Basics Of 21st-Century Democracy, Autocracy And capitalism by Richard Wolff (19-Sept-2021)


    10 / 10   Walter Bagehot

    Walter Bagehot (3-Feb-1826 to 24-Mar-1877) was a British journalist, businessman, and essayist, who wrote extensively about government, economics, literature and race. He is known for co-founding the National Review in 1855, and for his works The English Constitution and Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market (1873).

    All |
    3 aphorisms

    1 / 3   Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.

    Spoken in the House of Commons (18-Nov-1783). Based on the original lines in John Milton's Paradise Lost (Book IV, Line 393): "And with necessity, / The tyrant's plea, / excus'd his devilish deeds"


    2 / 3   Scapegoating (according to Girard)

    Whereas the philosophers of the 18th century would have agreed that communal violence comes to an end due to a social contract, Girard believes that, paradoxically, the problem of violence is frequently solved with a lesser dose of violence. When mimetic rivalries accumulate, tensions grow ever greater. But, that tension eventually reaches a paroxysm. When violence is at the point of threatening the existence of the community, very frequently a bizarre psychosocial mechanism arises: communal violence is all of the sudden projected upon a single individual. Thus, people that were formerly struggling, now unite efforts against someone chosen as a scapegoat. Former enemies now become friends, as they communally participate in the execution of violence against a specified enemy.

    Girard calls this process scapegoating - an allusion to the ancient religious ritual where communal sins were metaphorically imposed upon a he-goat, and this beast was eventually abandoned in the desert, or sacrificed to the gods (in the Hebrew Bible, this is especially prescribed in Leviticus 16). The person that receives the communal violence is a ‘scapegoat’ in this sense: her death or expulsion is useful as a regeneration of communal peace and restoration of relationships.

    However, Girard considers it crucial that this process be unconscious in order to work. The victim must never be recognized as an innocent scapegoat (indeed, Girard considers that, prior to the rise of Christianity, ‘innocent scapegoat’ was virtually an oxymoron; see section 4.b below); rather, the victim must be thought of as a monstrous creature that transgressed some prohibition and deserved to be punished. In such a manner, the community deceives itself into believing that the victim is the culprit of the communal crisis, and that the elimination of the victim will eventually restore peace.



    3 / 3   What are the root motives of the American Conservative movement?

    It's important to separate the goals of a Conservative movement versus the tools used by Conservatives to get to those goals.

    Some will say: "Conservatives at the very top, they're racist, they're anti black, they're anti semitic, they're white supremacists." And so their goal is an all white world. Voter suppression is not a goal, as such, but a tool they happen to be using, motivated by racism, to achieve the white supremacist goal. Likewise opposing a rise to minimum wage: motivated by racism, a tool to keep non-white Americans poor. "Everything in American Conservative ideology is motivated by racism."

    Another camp will say: "We live in an oligarchy. The elites are driven to protect their financial interests. And since the dawn of America, race has been weaponized as an underclass signifier even when it's no longer the de jure basis for the nation's economic prosperity (i.e. slavery)." From this perspective, to protect and perpetuate elite power (and wealth), the American Conservatives opportunistically exploit factions along racial lines - along a whole range of ingroup-outgroup signifiers - even going so far as to create and teach lower class people to Balkanize themselves by perceiving an outgroup as an enemy threat. This opportunism is the tool of the enrichment goal and while white versus nonwhite details are conditioned into the plebs as all-important, the Conservative elites care about wealth and power, not race. Race exists - along with many other group profiles - to carve out an Untermensch to be exploited into precarity (without backlash) and to misdirect the rest of the lower classes so they serve as footsoldiers for the exploitation and don't noticing (or resist) the reality of their own exploitation; and who's responsible.