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Umberto Eco’s Fascism

Umberto Eco in his 1995 essay, Ur Fascism defines fascism in 14 points.

    • cult of traditionalism.
    • rejection of modernism.
    • cult of action for its own sake and a distrust of intellectualism.
    • disagreement or opposition is treasonous.
    • fear of difference.Fascism is racist by definition.
    • appeals to a frustrated middle class suffering from an economic crisis of humiliation and fear of the pressure exerted by lower/Untermensch groups.
    • rejection of pacifism.
    • contempt for weakness.
    • cult of heroism and rigid hierarchy conflating Darwinian fitness with survivor bias
    • selective populism, e.g. rallies of the faithful (instruction moments, team affirmations, team leader legitimacy stage, etc).
    • impoverished discourse, resistance to complex and critical reasoning.

ECO OBSERVES FASCISM IN THE REAL WORLD HAS THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERISTICS:

      • an obsession with the plots and machinations of the movement’s identified enemies.
      • hypermasculinity and homophobia.
      • the movement’s enemies must be simultaneously seen as omnipotent and weak, conniving and cowardly.
      • fascism is racist by definition, because race is a badge of difference – an identifier of otherness – a visual purity test.
      • populism relying on chauvinist definitions of “the people” that the movement claims to represent.
      • heavy usage of “newspeak” and an impoverished discourse of elementary syntax and resistance to complex and critical reasoning.

Joe Biden is not a fascist. He is, instead, a standard-bearer of neoliberalism.


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