Chicano (as an identity) came to prominence in the 1960s and 1970s as Mexican Americans asserted their own ethnic, political, and cultural identity while rejecting and resisting assimilation into systematic racism and stereotypes, colonialism, and the American plutocracy-state imperialism. Chicano identity was organized around seven objectives: unity, economy, education, institutions, self-defence, culture, and political liberation, in an effort to bridge regional and class divisions among people of Mexican (and latterly Latin American) descent
The term originates in Greek mythology. Struck by the beauty of Cassandra, daughter of Priam, Apollo provided her with the gift of prophecy, but when Cassandra refused Apollo's romantic advances, he placed a curse ensuring that nobody would believe her warnings. Cassandra was left with the knowledge of future events, but could neither alter these events nor convince others of the validity of her predictions. In psychology the Cassandra metaphor applies to to individuals who experience physical and emotional suffering as a result of distressing personal perceptions, and who are disbelieved when they attempt to share the cause of their suffering with others.
contract research organization
company that provides support to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries in the form of research services outsourced on a contract basis. A CRO may provide such services as biopharmaceutical development, biologic assay development, commercialisation, preclinical research, clinical research, clinical trials management, and pharmacovigilance.