Far-Right Ethno-Nationalism Race Bibliography

Far Right Parties Gaining Ground All Across Europe!

AfD in Germany, Marine Le Pen’s FN in France, governing parties in Italy, Greece and Spain: far-right ideology taking root throughout the continent.
This might be good clickbait and it is certainly a trend to watch closely. But that bigger story in Europe is the meteoric rise in Green party votes. Media will be doubly anti-publicizing this because Greens tend to be socialist anti-neoliberal hegemony, which the media is the propaganda arm for.
In the decades after the Second World War, the consolidation of post-modern academia and the professionalisation of institutional “canonical” knowledge quickly converged. Consensus historians emerged in the 1950s as part of the cross-subject occupation of the Humanities.
  • Richard Hofstadter (1916-1970) archetypal post-modern historian. DeWitt Clinton Professor of American History at Columbia University
    • Anti Populism as in Dangerous Universal Suffrage
    • Rubbishing the New Deal
    • Working for the new emergency corporate and lineage oligarchy
    • Developed systems for weaponizing tropes like anti-Semitism and Conspiracy Theory as a purity test, a justification strategy for authoritarian capture, etc.
  • Embraced by the nascent field of Sociology, working a conflation of anti-Mccarthyism and anti-Racism into control tools.


Right-wing extremist groups deserve all the hate they get. But if you’re someone who’s still hopeful human beings don’t need to devolve into violent purity tribes, groups like Proud Boys can be a useful study. They began as a bit of a barbed joke and a bit of a push-back on critical race theory – Gavin McInnes the original (and, behind the scenes, probably still) leader set the ball rolling publicly via his videocast, on Anthony Cumia’s Compound Media. The Proud Boys are an extremist group in 2020 but arguably weren’t back in 2016/2017.

There is a beforeandbower.com article that’s illuminating. It’s written by a left-wing Vox-populist journalist who’s no fan of the Proud Boys and a declared enemy of the right-wing and alt-right. The beforeandbower site has wiped the original of the article from their live website, for some reason, but here’s a link:  ARCHIVE of BEFOREANDBOWER Vox Populist Article

It’s a useful thought-exercise to define the actual crimes and/or transgressions of the ‘extremist’ group, i.e. how much of what is publicized and propagandized is real? How much is hearsay and spin? How much of the antipathy towards (or labeling of) an ‘extremist’ group is reacting to what they’ve done versus how much is driven by concern about what they may do?Proud Boys isn’t entirely black and white (cough) and I’m concerned that by us treating them all as evil, we become the driving force turning them that way.


  • Right-wing extremist groups deserve all the hate they get. But with an eye on the future and as someone who’s still hopeful human beings don’t need to devolve into violent purity tribes, Proud Boys can be a useful study.
  • Proud Boys began as a bit of a barbed joke and a bit of a push-back on critical race theory – Gavin McInnes the original (and probably still) leader set the ball rolling on his videocast, on Anthony Cumia’s Compound Media. They’re an extremist group now, but arguably weren’t back in 2016/2017. The bedfordandbowery.com article is illuminating. Bedford and Bower have wiped the original from their live site: ARCHIVE LINK.
  • This links to a video by McInnes deconstructing the “right wing”. It’s worth keeping in mind: not all of the groups are embryonic fascist/racist extremists: REBEL MEDIA LINK.
  • It’s worth the thought exercise to consider Proud Boys as having radicalized over the past 4 years; how and why?
    • What factors push moderate counter-cultural groups to radicalize without the growing extremism alienating (losing) members?
    • What conditions that cause a bunch of different demographics to converge on a shared space, what defines the shared space?
    • What simpatico belief systems or personality types bind these demographics into a single ideology group?
    • How does the ideology develop (grow more or less extreme) and why?
    • Are there shared circumstances or experiences pushing them together?
    • How is that ‘space’ fed or starved of new blood; who feeds it; how do we starve it?
    • What force(s) drive this group to grow and/or to grow extreme? How are the force(s) neutralized?
      • extremist ideology
      • shared life experience / background
      • similarities of demographics (same age range, same gender, location, education level, etc etc)
      • cult of personality
      • social or economic conditions oppressing members (unemployment, debt, glass ceilings, segregations)
      • outlier syndrome
      • prejudice of members or against members (racism, bigotry)
      • fear (parochialism, paranoia)
      • external pressures (persecution, marginalization, new laws, politics)
      • internal pressures (purity tests, dogma, preparation for conflict, new leadership)
    • What can be done to mitigate the socioeconomic and cultural narratives fuelling conditions that drive moderate individuals to feel alienated and then vulnerable to recruitment by extremist / ideology-led groups?
  • What are the actual crimes and/or transgressions of the ‘extremist’ group? How much of what is publicized is real, how much is spin?
  • How much of the roots of antipathy towards (or labeling of) an ‘extremist’ group is propaganda, how much is evidenced? How much is pique?
  • How much of an attack on an ‘extremist’ target is a genuine reaction to real crime/transgression they’ve committed versus how much of the attack is based on what they may do, i.e. preemptive?
  • There are always power dynamics involved in antipathy (or support) for one group over another. It’s worth spending a minute considering the power dynamics at play around the Proud Boys, from internal and external perspective:
    • looking out as a group member
    • looking out as an extremist leader of the group
    • looking out as a non-ideological leader of the group
    • looking in as an objective observer
    • looking at the group as part of an opposing ideology
  • This may all seem like a lot of brain-time to give to a group like Proud Boys but the above applies to any faction – and the world is a perpetual collage of group power dynamics – so training oneself in fast multi-perspective analysis is an extremely useful life-skill.
  • The thought-leaders and influential shepherds defining the parameters of public discourse are all experts in this type of analysis.
  • Those who chose simply to follow the guiderails of official team opinion (or for that matter, those who go with their own instinct, unquestioned) leave themselves at the mercy of the experts, whether they’re aware of being moved around like pawns or not.


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——, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (Verso: London 1999)
——, There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack (Oxfordshire: Routledge, 1992)
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