The term originates in Greek mythology. Struck by the beauty of Cassandra, daughter of Priam, Apollo provided her with the gift of prophecy, but when Cassandra refused Apollo's romantic advances, he placed a curse ensuring that nobody would believe her warnings. Cassandra was left with the knowledge of future events, but could neither alter these events nor convince others of the validity of her predictions. In psychology the Cassandra metaphor applies to to individuals who experience physical and emotional suffering as a result of distressing personal perceptions, and who are disbelieved when they attempt to share the cause of their suffering with others.
Data is a mass noun, uncountable noun, or non-count noun is a noun with the syntactic property that any quantity of it is treated as an undifferentiated unit, rather than as something with discrete elements. Non-count nouns are distinguished from count nouns. Sand, family, etc.
Recently data has been singled out for abuse. "Data is" has been inexplicably morphing into "data are" and the usual cunts absorb and proliferate this change as if Oceania has always been at war with Eastasia.
In essence, the Establishment is a dominant group or elite that controls a polity or an organisation, often an influential closed social group that selects its own members or an entrenched élite structure sharing social, economic and class bonds, often born and bred. In sociology jargon, the upper eschelons of a society is divided between insider and outsider. The Establishment is made up of insiders; far smaller than the outsiders numerically but also far more influential. The term in its modern sense was popularised by the British journalist Henry Fairlie writing in the London magazine The Spectator in 1955: "By the Establishment, I do not only mean the centres of official power—though they are certainly part of it—but rather the whole matrix of official and social relations within which power is exercised. The exercise of power in England cannot be understood unless it is recognised that it is exercised socially."
Sartre is tagged with Existentialism, Camus is tagged with Absurdism. Both too reductive but anyway: Existentialism vs Absurdism — Explanations and Key Differences of Each.
Modern usage based on the Hebrew biblical prophet Jeremiah who pronounced God's judgment upon the people of his time for their wickedness. The original Jeremiah was concerned especially with false and insincere worship and failure to trust Yahweh in national affairs. He denounced social injustices but not so much as some previous prophets, such as Amos and Micah @ University of Toronto on Judaism and Claude Mariottini Jeremiah Use of Metaphor articles.
No true Scotsman (appeal to purity) is an informal fallacy in which one attempts to protect their universal generalisation from a falsifying counterexample by excluding the counterexample improperly. Rather than abandoning the falsified universal generalisation or providing evidence that would disqualify the falsifying counterexample, a slightly modified generalisation is constructed ad-hoc to definitionally exclude the undesirable specific case and counterexamples like it by appeal to rhetoric - emotionally charged but nonsubstantive purity platitudes - like "true, pure, genuine, authentic, real" etc. In short: an "ad hoc rescue" of a refuted generalization attempt.
Simplified rendition of the fallacy:
Appeal to purity is used here to protect/elevate a preferred group. "No true Scotsman would do XYZ" or "Only in Scotland would there be XYZ".
originating in the Soviet Union, the nomenklatura describes the loosely interconnected social group that monopolises key administrative positions in a governing bureaucracy, running all spheres of national/civic activity (government, industry, agriculture, education etc) from positions conferred by the Communist Party or equivalent. The nomenklatura forms a de facto elite of public powers, a permanent credential class unaccountable to the public but wielding power over it, comparable to the Establishment in Western countries which controls both private and public powers (media, finance, trade, industry, the state, the universities, institutions).
the philosophical worldview Non-Overlapping Magisteria places religion and science in separate domains of questioning ("magisteria") in order to avoid one contradicting the other. It's a justification for deep-rooted unchallenged cognitive dissonance - practical - for the sake of the religion and its benefits. The designation NOMA was popularised in the book Rock of Ages (1999) by Stephen Jay Gould.
Did MS spell checker recently alter the word plebs to plebES? #NoteToSelf
PLEBS used to be ubiquitous but now PLEBES is creeping into the vernacular of swathES:nerd_face: of non-academic US middle class. This demographic is also starting to actually say "pleeb" instead of "plebb". WTF? Merriam-Webster Screenshot as posted on Twitter.
Typically, an excessively or blindly optimistic person, per the Pollyanna principle which is the basis of polyanna syndrome in modern psychotherapy. Originally "Polyanna" comes from the 1913 novel Pollyanna by American author Eleanor H. Porter, making "Pollyanna" a byword for someone who – like the title character – has an unfailingly optimistic outlook through practical "look for the glad in the difficulty and sorrow". Nowadays the word has devolved into simply excessive almost unrealistic (blind) optimism.
The Privilege Walk or Power Shuffle is a diversity-training workshop activity. Participants stand together on a line, then each steps forward or backwards in response to a series of statements such as: “If you’re a white male, take one step forward. If you were ever made uncomfortable by a joke about your ethnicity, gender, appearance, or sexual orientation, take one step back.” At the end participants find themselves arrayed along a continuum of “privilege.” Thus sorted, discussion ensues.
Christian Parenti on the Privilege Walk: "The Privilege Walk relies on a methodological individualism that assumes macro-level social phenomena have micro-level causes and solutions. This fixation on individual choice and personal attitudes reproduces the epistemological fallacies of neoclassical economics and most of right-leaning social science."
The purpose of the Albert Hofmann Foundation is to further the understanding and responsible application of psychedelic substances in the investigation of both individual and collective consciousness.
The mission of the Alexander Shulgin Research Institute is to preserve and continue the work of seminal biochemist Sasha Shulgin, by performing basic biochemistry and neuroscience research; providing support services to toxicologists, emergency room doctors, attorneys, chemists, and other scientists and professionals; and conserving and disseminating 50 years of existing research.
The Sarlo Foundation was started in 1992 by venture capitalist George Sarlo. It offers financial support for pioneers in mental health with a particular focus on addiction, early childhood trauma and education, and research with psilocybin, MDMA and other transformative medicines.
The Heffter Institute promotes research of the highest scientific quality with the classic hallucinogens and related compounds (sometimes called psychedelics) in order to contribute to a greater understanding of the mind leading to the improvement of the human condition, and to alleviate suffering.
The International Center for Ethnobotanical Education, Research & Service (ICEERS) is a charity dedicated to 1) the integration of ayahuasca, iboga and other traditional plants as therapeutic tools in modern society, and 2) the preservation of the indigenous cultures that have been using these plant species since antiquity on their habitat and botanical resources.
The ICRS is a non-political, non-religious organization dedicated to scientific research in all fields of the cannabinoids, ranging from biochemical, chemical and physiological studies of the endogenous cannabinoid system to studies of the abuse potential of recreational Cannabis.
Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit research and educational organization that develops medical, legal, and cultural contexts for people to benefit from the careful uses of psychedelics and marijuana.
The Open Society Foundations work to build vibrant and tolerant societies whose governments are accountable and open to the participation of all people.
The River Styx Foundation attempts to lessen human suffering caused by fear and misguided social policy while advocating for greater compassion, healing, and transformation in such areas as criminal justice and end-of-life care.
Swedish-born philosopher Nick Bostrom (10-Mar-1973) is an academic at the University of Oxford known for his work on existential risk, the anthropic principle, human enhancement ethics, superintelligence risks, and the reversal test. See nickbostrum.com home page.
American philosopher, neuroscientist, author, and podcast host Sam Harris (9-Apr-1967) work touches on a wide range of topics, including rationality, religion, ethics, free will, neuroscience, meditation, psychedelics, philosophy of mind, politics, terrorism, and artificial intelligence. Harris publishes the Waking Up app and hosts the Making Sense podcast.
Illia Ponomarenko (Kyiv Independent)
The Kyiv Independent newspaper - propaganda cutout
The Koch Brothers
Argentina | Chile